Sailboats were first discovered in BC. In 4000 years the Phoenicians (today’s Beirut) and the ancient Egyptians began to sea. A log was carved and cloth was added and the first sailing boat was built. The use of these sails in a square shape allowed the first boats to be driven only if the wind had been taken from behind.
By the time of 3000 BC, the merchant ships that were frequently seen in the Mediterranean and Scandinavian waters were used for cargo transportation. Shipments of a product were provided by these ships at the fastest speeds over the sea. B.C. In 1200, the Greeks and Phoenicians began to build large cargo ships. Then the Phoenicians made these ships faster using two big masts.
MATERIALS USED IN SAILING
The earliest sailings made by Egyptians are made of papyrus and the papyrus sails are no longer usable in proportion to the size of the boat. Linen sail fabrics, which began to be produced on the date of M.S.1500, were more suitable for both more durable and longer runs. Over time, linen fabrics left their place in cotton fabrics.
FIRST PASSENGER SHIP
By the time of BC 100, sailboats built by the Roman Empire, capable of carrying both cargoes and passengers with a length of 55 meters and a width of 14 meters, undertook the first maritime transport.
M.S., where sailboats are most intensively developed. The first catamaran was built in 400 AD. The first catamarans were used in the Far East.
A.D. By the time of the 1000’s the Vikings had built the first uniformed ship built for war, these boats were 24 meters long, 5 meters wide and could be used for commercial purposes at the same time.
THE DISCOVERY OF AMERICA
Christopher Columbus reached the American continent in 1492 with his sailboat Pinto.
TRADE ROAD IN EUROPE INDIA
The Mediterranean, which was used as a trade route between Europe and the Far East until 1497, is the site of Vasco Do Gama; the sailboat sailed through the African coasts to reach India and the new European trade route to India was opened.
FIRST WORLD TOUR
Ferdinand Magellan was on his way to reach India from Spain in 1512 and lost his life on the road. the team has been proven by this world tour made with the sailboat that the world is round, returning to Spain without wandering the world with the journey.
FIRST SAILING RACE
The first race was organized in England in 1660, between the Duke of York and two sailboats owned by King Charles II. In 1749 the trophy organized by the Gallic prince was the first to be featured. The US team finished first in the Hundred guineas cup races held in 1851, and the name of this cup was changed to America’s cup. The first sailing races held every year between the Americans and the British were held in 1856 around Wight Island, and in 1900 the sailing race was accepted into the Olympic Games.
FIRST YACHT CLUB
The first yacht club, the Water club of Cork, was founded in Ireland in 1780.